The education system in Japan is divided into three levels: elementary school, junior high school, and high school. Elementary school is compulsory for all children aged 6 to 12, and junior high school is compulsory for all children aged 13 to 15. High school is not compulsory, but 98% of students attend.
After high school, students can either go on to college or university, or they can enter the workforce. College and university education in Japan is not free, but there are many scholarships available.
The Japanese education system is known for its high standards and its focus on academic excellence. Students in Japan typically spend long hours studying, and they are expected to perform well in school. The education system in Japan is also known for its emphasis on discipline and respect for authority.
Here is a more detailed look at the different levels of education in Japan:
Elementary school: Elementary school in Japan is compulsory for all children aged 6 to 12. Students typically attend a single elementary school for six years. The curriculum at elementary school focuses on basic subjects such as Japanese, mathematics, science, and social studies. Students also learn about music, art, and physical education.
Junior high school: Junior high school is compulsory for all children aged 13 to 15. Students typically attend a single junior high school for three years. The curriculum at junior high school is more challenging than the curriculum at elementary school. Students study more advanced subjects such as algebra, geometry, and chemistry. They also take foreign language classes.
High school: High school is not compulsory in Japan, but 98% of students attend. High school in Japan typically lasts for three years. Students can choose to attend a public high school or a private high school. Public high schools are free, but private high schools can be expensive. The curriculum at high school is very challenging, and students are expected to perform well in their studies.
College and university: After high school, students can either go on to college or university, or they can enter the workforce. College and university education in Japan is not free, but there are many scholarships available. The most prestigious universities in Japan are the University of Tokyo, Kyoto University, and Osaka University.
The education system in Japan is highly competitive, and students are expected to perform well in their studies. The education system in Japan is also known for its emphasis on discipline and respect for authority.
I am giving hereunder some details of the education system in Japan. The school year in Japan starts in April and the weekdays from Monday to Friday/Saturday (5/6 days per week) according to the school.
- Elementary (Compulsory) Education
Grade (Class) with Age Limit
1st - 6-7 years
2nd - 7-8 years
3rd - 8-9 years
4th - 9-10 years
5th - 10-11 years
6th - 11-12 years
- Junior High School/Lower Secondary Level (Compulsory) Education
7th - 12-13 years
8th - 13-14 years
9th - 14-15 years
- Senior High School/Upper Secondary Level Education
10th - 15-16 years
11th - 16-17 years
12th - 17-18 years
- University Undergraduate Education
Associate/Foundation - 18-19 years
Associate/Foundation - 19-20 years
- Bachelor's Education
Bachelor's - 20-21 years
Bachelor's - 21-22 years
- Master's Education
Master's - 22-23 years
Master's - 23-24 years
Ph.D. - 24-25 years
Ph.D. - 25-26 years
Ph.D. - 26-29 years
Japan is regarded as one of the best educational hubs in the world. This can be verified from the fact that over 1.5 Lakhs of international students are receiving education in Japan and it is really an impressive figure.
Let us examine closely how their schools work. The following table would explain the duration of the course- from elementary education to university level.
1) Elementary School ——————————- 6 years
2) Junior High School or
Lower Secondary School —————————3 years
3) Senior High School———————————3 years
4) University———————————————-4 years
The specialty of Japanese education is the inclusion of even physically handicapped or mentally challenged candidates apart from medically fit ones. It is not necessary that all the students having completed senior high schools would reach to the university levels.
Some of salient features of Japanese educational systems are listed below-
1) Japanese Schools closely focus on the quality of education rather than the exhaustive knowledge.
2) Satisfaction quotient of the students studying in schools are appreciably high - as high as 85%.
3) Elementary School and Junior High School form the compulsory educational system.
4) The students in Japan hardly repeat their grades in Elementary Schools or in Lower Secondary Schools.
5) The students are top performers in Literature, Mathematics and Science during their studies in school levels.
6) The environment of Japan is safe for the persuasion of studies even for the international students.
7) Many Japanese students attend After School Workshops to update their skills.
8) Punctuality is followed religiously irrespective of the classes they attend. A latecomer is not allowed to enter into his class room.
9) There is no option but to comply with the rules and regulations as set by the management.